初中英语短语语法总结

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1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump 

2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样 

3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易) 

4 agree with sb 赞成某人 

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样 

6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界 

7 along with同……一道,伴随…… eg: I will go along with you我将和你一起去 

the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树 

8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样 

9 as you can see 你是知道的 

10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg: ask you for my book 

11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么 

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事 

13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen 

14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始 

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg: At the end of the day 

16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候 

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信 

eg: I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test 

18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时 

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg: She is able to sing She can sing 

20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg:she is able to sing 

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg: I'm afraid to go out at night I'm afraid of dog 

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么 

eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视 

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg: Don't be angry with me 

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气 

25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg: She is as tall as me 她和我一样高 

26 be ashamed to 

27 be away from 远离 

28 be away from 从……离开 

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg: Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好 

30 be born 出生于 

31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于…… 

32 be careful 当心;小心 

33 be different from…… 和什么不一样 

34 be famous for 以……著名 

35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好 

36 be from = come from 来自 eg :He is from Beijing He comes from Beijing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ? 

37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water 

38 be glad +to+ do/从句 

39 be going to + v(原) 将来时 

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于…… 

41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg: Reading aloud is good for your English 

42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事 

43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处 

eg: Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处

44 be in good health 身体健康 

45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg: She is in trouble They are in trouble 

46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣 

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到 

48 be like 像…… eg: I'm like my mother 

49 be mad at 生某人的气 

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料) 

51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料) 

52 be not sure 表不确定 

53 be on a visit to 参观

54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎 

55 be quiet 安静

56 be short for 是...的缩写  eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰 

57 be sick in bed 生病在床  

58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb  eg: I am sorry for you 

59 be sorry to hear that 60 be sorry to trouble sb eg: I am sorry to trouble you 

61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg: He's strict in obeying nobles 

62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格 

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格 64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么 

65 be sure 表确定 66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well 

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师) 

68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试 

69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语 

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕…… 

71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事 

72 be the same as … 和什么一样 

73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事 

eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉 

74 be worth doing 值得做什么 

75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句 

76 because+句子 because of +短语 

eg: He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache 

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么 

eg: Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home 

78 between…and… 两者之间 

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西 

eg: I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen 

80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同 

81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth 

eg: I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station 

我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站 

the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了 

He's bothering me to lend him money 

82 by the end of 到……为止 

83 call sb sth eg: We call him old wang 

84 care 关心 eg: Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来 

85 catch up with sb 赶上某人 

86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地 

87 come in 进88 come over to 过来 

89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗? 

90 communicate with sb 和某人交流 

91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg: Why not consider going to Luzhou 为什么不考虑去泸州? 

92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg: She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞 

93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 

94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查 

95 do better in 在……方面做得更好 

96 do wrong 做错 

97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事 

98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意…… 

99 each +名(单)每一个…eg: Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书 

100 end up +doing 

101 enjoy +doing喜欢 

102 escape from 从……逃跑eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来 

103 expect to do sth 期待做某事 

104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 

105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么 

106 far from 离某地远 eg: The school is far from my home 

107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样 

108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg: I find the book interesting 

109 finish 完成+doing(名词) 

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人 

111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door 

112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her 

113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut 我理了发(头发被剪了) 

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) 

114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job 

115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好 

116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 

117 get ready for = be ready for为什么而准备eg: I get ready for math I am ready for math 

118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻

119 get sb to do sth 

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 

121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall 

122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物 

123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳 

124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事 

125 go out away from go out of 

126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) 

127 good way to 好方法 

128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事 

129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会 

130 have a talk 听报告 谈一谈 

131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg: You have been talking You have been sleeping since 

132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来 

133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴 

134 have sth to do 有什么事要做 

eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做 

135 have to do sth 必须做某事 

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦 

137 have…time +doing 

138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假 

139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事 

140 help a lot 很大用处 

141 help sb with sth \one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 

142 hope to do sth 希望做某事 

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing) 

144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法 

145 if : 是否=whether 

eg: I don't know if (whether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会 

He don't know if (whether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达 

146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句 

eg: I'll go to Luzhou if it doesn't rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州 

If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的 

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国 

147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为 

148 in some ways 在某些方面 

149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后 

150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 south 南 west 西 east 东 ) 

151 in the sun 在太阳下 

152 increase 增加 

eg: They've increased the price of petrol by 3% 他们把石油价增加了3% 

the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now 

153 instead of +(名 ) 代替 

eg: I'd like an apple instead of a pear 我想要苹果,而不要梨子 

I like English instead of math 我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学 

154 introduce sb to sb 介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍 

155 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 

156 It takes sb sometime to do sth 做某人花掉某人多少时间 

eg: It took me 5 minutes to do my homework It takes me half an hour to cook 

157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事怎么样 

158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样 

159 It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样 It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样 

160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样 

    It's +adj(of sb) to do sth(对某人来说) 做某事太怎么样 

eg: It's nice of you to help me with my English 

161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth 对…… 来说是个好主意 

162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要 eg: It's important to me 

163 It's time to do sth It's time for sth 到了该去做某事的时间 

eg: It's time to have class It's time for class 该去上课了 

164 join = take part in 参加 

165 just now 刚才 

166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语 让什么保持什么样? 

167 keep out 不让 …… 进入 

168 keep sb ad 让……保持…… eg: I want to keep my mother happy keep healthy 保持健康 

169 key to +名词 表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案 

170 key to… answer to … key 可以是答题或钥匙 

171 laugh at… 取笑…… eg: Don't laugh at others We laughed at the joke 

172 learn by oneself 自学 

173 learn from sb 向某人学习 eg: We should learn from Lei Feng 

174 learn to do sth 学做某事 

175 let sb do sth 让某人做某事 

176 Let sb down 让某人失望 eg : We shouldn't let our parents down 我们不应该让我们的父母失望 

177 live from :离某地远 

178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地 eg: I live in LuZhou She lives at XuanTan 

179 look after = take care of 照顾 照看 

180 lose one's way 谁 迷 路 eg: Lose your way 你迷路 

181 make a decision to do sth 决定做某事 

182 make friends with sb 和谁成为朋友 eg: I want to make friends with you 

183 make it early 把时间定的早一点 

184 make on exhibition of oneself 让某人出洋相 

185 make sb /n +n 使什么成为什么 eg: I made her my step moller I made you my wife 

186 make sb /sth +adj 使某人(某物)怎么样 eg: You must made your bed clean 

187 make sb /sth adj 使某人/某物怎么样 

188 make sb do sth 让某人做某事 eg: I made him write 我以前让他写 

189 make up be made up of (被动语态)由……组成 

190 make…difference to… 

191 mind sb to do mind one's doing 介意……做什么 

192 most +名 most of +代 

193 much too +形容词 

194 must be 一定 

195 need +名词 

196 need sb do sth 需要某人做某事 

197 need to do (实义动词) need do (情态动词) 

198 no /neithr of hate to do no /neithr of hate doing 

199 no +名词 

200 not anymore = no more 再也不…… eg: He didn't cry any more He cried no more 他再也不哭

201 not… (形 、副)at all 

eg: He's not tall at all she doesn't junp far at all 

202 not…at all 一点都不 

203 not…either 表否定,也不 eg: I don't japanse either I don't have sister, either 我也没有姐姐 

204 not…until 直到……才…… 

eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar 

205 offer / provide sb with sth 给某人提供 

206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb 提供什么东西给某人 eg: I offer you water (I offer water to you 我给你提供水 

207 on one's way to… 在谁去那的路上 

208 on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 

209 on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈 

210 on time 准时 in time 及时 

211 one day =some day =someday 一天,有一天 

212 one of +可数名词的复数形式 

213 one to another 一个到另一个 

214 over and over agin 一遍又一遍的 eg: He cleaned the floor over and over agin 

215 part-time job 兼职工作 fall-time job 全职工作 

216 pay for… 付……钱 pay the bill 开钱 ,付钱 

217 please +do 

218 please help yourself 

219 pleased with sb 

220 pool into = pore into 

221 practice +doing 练习做某事 

222 prefer sth to sth 相对……更喜欢…… eg: I prefer physics to chemisty 在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理 

prefer doing to sth 更喜欢去做…不愿意去做… eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving 他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车 

prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做…也不愿 

eg: My uncle prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one 我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车 

prefer sb not to do sth 更愿意… eg: I prefer her not to come 我不喜欢她不来 

223 pretend to do sth 装着去做什么 pretend that 从句 

eg: The two cheats pretended to be working very hard 这两个骗子装着努力工作 

He pretended that he did not know the answer 他装着不知道答案 

224 rather…than 宁可……也不…… 

eg: I would rather be a doctor than a teacher 我愿肯当医生,也不当老师 

He likes dogs rather than cats 他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫 

225 regard…as 把……当作…… 

eg: Please give my best regards to your family 请带我向你的家人我最好的问候 

I regard you as my friend 我把你当作我的朋友 

He shows little regard for others 他不爱关心别人 

226 remind sb about sth 提醒某人什么事 remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事 

eg: He reminds me about cooking (He reminds me to cook) 他提醒我做饭 

227 remind sb of sth 使某人想起什么 

eg: The pictures remind me of my school days 这照片使我想起了我的学校 

    The words that (which) the teacher talk to remind me of my mother 

228 return sth to sb 还什么东西给某人 

229 say to oneself 对自己说 

230 say to sb 对某人说 

231 sb spend some money on sth 花了多少钱在某事上 

232 sb spend sometime with sb 花了多少时间陪谁 

233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth 花了多少时间做某事 

234 sb with sb +is sb and sb +are 

235 see sb do 看见某人做过某事 see sb doing 看见某人正在做某事 

236 seem to do/be +adj 显得怎么样 eg: You seem to be tired You seem to be happy 

237 send +sb sth 送给某人某物 

238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去? 

239 shock 使……震惊 eg: Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock 啊,是你呀!吓我一跳 

240 show sb sth 向某人展示某物 eg: I show her the book. 

241 show sb sth = show sth to sb 拿什么东西给某人看 eg: Show me your pen Show your pen to me 

242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物 eg: I show the book to her. 

243 some…others… 一些……另一些…… 

244 start…with… 从……开始 begin…with… 从……开始 

245 stay away from 远离…… 

eg: We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo 当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物 

If you want to lose weight you'd better stay auay from the sweet food 徒工你想减肥,你最好远离甜食 

246 stop doing 停下正在做的事 

247 stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 

248 stop sb(from) doing 阻止某人做某事 

249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事 

250 such +名 这样 ,这种 

251 suit sb 适合某人 

252 surprise sb 使某人惊奇 to one's surprise 令某人惊奇 

253 take classes 上课 

254 take sb to 把某人带去 eg: I take you to the hospital 

255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk 散步 

256 ①talk to 对谁说 eg: I talk to you 

  ② talk with 和谁说 eg: I talk with him 

  ③ talk of 谈到 eg: we talked of you 

  ④ talk about 谈论关于…… 

257 talk with sb 和某人说话 

258 teach sb sth 教某人做某事 

259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事 

260 tell sb sth tell sb that 丛句 tell sb not to do sth tell a story 

261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事 

262 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做什么 tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做什么 

263 tell…from… 

264 thank you for +doing 

265 the same +名词(doing)+as…… 

266 the same…(名)…as as…(adj adv)…as 相同 

267 the way to do sth = the way of doing st做某方面 的方法the way to +地方 去哪的路 

e g :Do you know the way to learn English Do you know the way of learning English 

268 the way to…(地点) 到哪的

269 too…to… 太怎样而不能……adj +enough to 足够…能… so…that +丛句 

eg: He is too young to go to school = He is so young that he can't go to school 

He is old enough to go to school = He is so old that he can go to school 

270 transalte ……into…… 把什么翻译成什么 eg: Trasalte English into chinese 

271 travel with sb和某人去旅游

272 try one's best to do sth尽某人最大的努力去做某事eg: I will try my best to learn English well 

273 try to do sth 想干什么,但没成功 try doing sth 想干什么,已经做过了 

eg :He tried to climb 他想爬上去,但没成功 He tried climbing 他想爬上去,已经做过了 

274 try…试衣服 have a try 试一下 

275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up 开大 

276 turn off 关上 ←→ turn on 打开 open 拆开 

277 upside down 倒着 

278 visit to… 参观某个地方 

279 wait for sb 等某人

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