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口语常识之情景对话句型结构

【 来源:三思英语 作者:34en.com 编录:34en 热度() 加入收藏

1.问候  Greetings 

a.Good morning/afternoon/evening. Hello/Hi. How are you?

b.Fine, thank you, And you?Very well, thank you.

2.介绍  Introductions 

a.This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Comrade….b.How do you do?  Nice/Glad to see/meet you.

c.My name is….I'm a student/worker etc.(here).

3.告别  Farewells 

a.I think it's time for to leave now.b.Goodbye! (Bye-bye! Bye!)

See you later/tomorrow. (See you.)  Good night.

4.打电话  Making telephone calls 

a.Hello! May I speak to …?Is that… (speaking)?

b.Hold on, please.He/She isn't here right now.Can I take a message for you?

c.I called to tell/ask you…d.Goodbye.

5.感谢和应答  Thanks and responses

a.Thank you (very much).Thanks a lot.Many thanks.Thanks for…

b.Not at all.That's all right.You're welcome.

6.祝愿,祝贺和应答  Good wishes, congratulations, responses

a.Good luck!Best wishes to you.Have a nice/good time.Congratulations!

c.Thank you.

d.Happy New Year!Merry Christmas!Happy birthday to you.

e.The same to you.

7.意愿  Intentions

  I'm going to…I will... I'd like to… I want/hope to…

8.道歉和应答  Apologies and responses

a.I'm sorry. (Sorry.)I'm sorry for/about…Excuse me.

b.That's all right.It doesn't matter.That's nothing.

9.遗憾和同情  Regrets and sympathy  

what a pity!I'm sorry to hear…

10.邀请和应答  Invitations and responses

a.Will you come to…?Would you like to…?

b.Yes, I'd love to…Yes, it's very kind/nice of you.

c.I'd love to, but…

11.提供(帮助等)和应答  Offers and responses

a.Can I help you?What can I do for you?Here, take this/my…Let me…for you.

Would you like some…?

b.Thanks. That would be nice/fine.Thank you for your help.Yes, please.

c.No, thanks/thank you.That's very kind of you, but…

12.请求允许和应答  Asking for permission and responses

a.May I…?Can/Could I…?b.Yes/Certainly.Yes, do please.Of course (you may).

That's Ok/all right.

c.I'm sorry, but…You'd better not.

13.表示同意和不同意  Expressing agreement and disagreement

a.Certainly/Sure/Of course.Yes, please.Yes, I think so.

b.That's true/OK.That's a good idea.I agree (with you).

c.No, I don't think so.I'm afraid not.I really can't agree with you.

14.表示肯定和不肯定  Expressing certainty and uncertainty

a.I'm sure.I'm sure (that) …

b.I'm not sure.I'm not sure whether/if…

c.Maybe/Perhaps

15.喜好和厌恶  Likes and dislikes

a.I like/love… (very much).I like/love to…

b.I don't like (to) …I hate (to) …

16.谈论天气  Talking about the weather

a.What's the weather like today?How's the weather in…?

b.It's fine/cloudy/windy/rainy, etc.It's rather warm/cold/hot/etc. today, isn't it?

17.购物  Shopping

a.What can I do for you?May/Can I help you?

b.I want/I'd like…How much is it?That's too much/expensive, I'm afraid.

That's fine. I'll take it.Let me have…kilo/box, etc.

c.How many/much do you want?  at colour/size/kind do you want?

d.Do you have any other kind/size/colour,etc.?

18.问路和应答  Asking the way and responses

a.Excuse me. Where's the men's/ladies' room?Excuse me, can you tell me the way to…?

How can I get to…? I don't know the way.

b.Go down this street.Turn right/left at the first/second crossing.  's about …metres from here.

19.问时间或日期和应答  Asking the time or date and responses

a.What day is (it) today?What's the date today?What time is it?What's the time, please?

b.It's Monday/Tuesday, etc.It's January 10th.It's five o,clock/half past five/a quarter to five/five thirty, etc.   s time for…

20.请求  Requests

a.Can/Could you…for me?Will/would you please…?May I have…?

b.Please give/pass me…Please wait (here/a moment).Please wait for your turn.

Please stand in line/line up.Please hurry.

c.Don't rush/crowd.No noise, please.No smoking, please.

21.劝告和建议  Advice and suggestions

a.You'd better…You should…You need (to)…

b.Shall we…?Let's…What /How about…?

22.禁止和警告  Prohibition and warnings

a.You can't/mustn't…If you…, you'll…

b.Take care !Be careful !Look out !

23.表示感情  Expressing certain emotions

a.喜悦  Pleasure, joyI'm glad/pleased/happy to…That's nice.That's wonderful/great.

b.焦虑  AnxietyWhat's wrong?What's the matter (with you)?I'm/He's/She's worried.

Oh, what shall I/we do?

c.惊奇  SurpriseReally?Oh dear?Is that so?

24.就餐  Taking meals

a.What would you like to have?Would you like something to eat/drink?

b.I'd like…Would you like some more…?Help yourself to some…

c.Thank you. I've had enough/Just a little, please.

25.约会  Making appointments

a.Are you free this afternoon/evening?How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening?

Shall we meet at 4: 30 at…?

b.Yes, that's all right.Yes, I'll be free then.

c.No, I won't be free then. But I'll be free…

a. All right. See you then.

26.传递信息  Passing on a message

a.Will you please give this note/message to…?

b.asked me to give you this note.

c.Thanks for the message.

27.看病  Seeing the doctor

a.There's something wrong with…I've got a cough.I feel terrible(bad).I don't feel well.

I've got a pain here.This place hurts.

b.Take this medicine three times a day.Drink plenty of water and have a good rest.

It's nothing serious.You'll be right/well soon.

28.求救  Calling for help

a.Help!b.What's the matter?

29.语言困难  Language difficulties

 Pardon.  Please say that again/more slowly.   What do you mean by…?   I'm sorry I can't follow you.

   I'm sorry I know only a little English.

30.常见的标志和说明  Some common signs and instructions

BUSINESS HOURS   FRAGILEOFFICE HOURS THIS SIDE UP   OPEN  

 MENU CLOSED    NO SMOKING PULL   NO PARKING PUSH  NO PHOTOS

 ON    DANGER! OFF   PLAY ENTRANCE STOP EXIT   PAUSE   INSTRUCTIONS


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